EMC Compliance

EMC Compliance means that an electronic or electromechanical product is compliant to the laws, directives and regulations of the country where it is sold.
The following chapters are thought as free education for those of you out there who have to deal with EMC and product compliance.

1  Big Picture

Products which are sold on the market should...

  • ...be safe.

  • ...not be health threatening.

  • ...not pollute the environment (e.g. RoHS).

  • ...fulfill expectations regarding quality.

  • ...work as intended in their defined environment (e.g. EMC).

In order to have only products on the market which fulfill the bullet points above, governments and its legislative bodies issue laws and directives and your product must be regulatory compliant according to this legislation.

A company which is the legal manufacturer of a product must proof compliance with the regulations. This is done with a conformity assessment. In case of a product which contains electronics, an EMC conformity assessment is necessary. Such an EMC conformity assessment usually comprises the proof of...:

  1. ...the manufacturing process control (quality).

  2. ...the conformity of the product regarding the applicable EMC standards (EMC test).

Many countries and customs unions also define that not only the manufacturer, but also the companies which import (importer) and/or sell a product, must ensure that the product is compliant to the laws and directives of the country where it is imported or sold, respectively.

2  EMC Regulations and Standards

First, every government issues its own EMC regulations (laws, directives) for their country. Whereas these national regulations often refer to multi-national regulations (e.g. countries in the European Union refer to the EMC directive 2014/30/EU).
Second, the government usually builds, appoints or chooses an organization, commission or committee which is responsible for defining the applicable EMC Standards for conformity. Such organizations or committees define the applicable EMC standards in a way that products, which pass the tests defined in the applicable EMC standards, are then compliant to the EMC regulations (laws, directives).

​Here an overview on some authorities (administrations, organizations, commissions, committees) which define the applicable EMC standards for their countries or customs unions. Some of them develop EMC standards themselves, others refer from their standards to multi-national standards:

3  Compliance Marks

Which compliance mark to go for? To decide if and which compliance mark you need for your product, depends on which countries or customs unions (e.g. EU) you want to sell your product to.

Let's take a step back for the big picture of conformity marks: mandatory marks vs. non-mandatory marks.

  1. Mandatory Conformity Marks/Labels. Mandatory marks andlabels are legally binding and have to be attached to the product. Examples of mandatory marks and labels are:

  2. Non-Mandatory Conformity Marks. Non-mandatory marks are not legally binding and are therefore optional. Examples of non-mandatory marks are:

    • Canada - CSA (Canadian Standards Association)

    • Germany - GS (Geprüfte Sicherheit)

    • Japan - VCCI (Voluntary Control Council for Interference)

    • USA - UL (Underwriters Laboratory)

21 Jun 2018

Australia and New Zealand

RCM (replacement of A-Tick and C-Tick marks)

The Regulatory Compliance Mark (RCM) is the compliance mark for Australia and New Zealand. By end of March 2016, the RCM replaced the former compliance marks called A-Tick (telecommunications equipment requirements) and C-Tick (EMC requirements).

  • Effective countries: Australia, New Zealand

  • Responsible authority:

  • Statutory basis: EMC regulatory arrangements (Radiocommunications Act 1992).

  • RCM marking obligation for electronic products: Mandatory.

  • Emissions tests required: Yes.

  • Immunity tests required: No (not legally binding).

  • EMC standards: Australian and New Zealand EMC standards (AS/NZS), which are based on IEC and CISPR standards. Find here the list.

  • Scope of RCM marking: All applicable ACMA regulatory arrangements. This includes: Telecommunications, radio communications, Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC), Electromagnetic Energy (EME), Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR), electrical safety.

25 Sep 2019

Brazil

ANATEL label

​The ANATEL label is mandatory for radio- and telecommunications equipment in Brazil. It consists of the ANATEL logo and a numerical code HHHHH-AA-FFFFF, where:

  • HHHHH identifies the product (5-character sequential numbering)

  • AA identifies the year of issue of the approval (2-digit type)

  • FFFFF identifies the product manufacturer (5 numeric characters)

The height of 4mm for the ANATEL logo and 1mm for the height of the numerical code are the minimum values. Color designs must be authorized by ANATEL. Black and white designs do not require prior authorization, and are therefore recommended.

  • Effective countries: Brazil

  • Responsible authorityAgência Nacional de Telecomunicações

  • Statutory basis:

  • ANATEL marking obligation for electronic products: For telecommunication products (see list here). For non-telecommunication products, ANATEL label is not used.

  • Emissions tests required: Yes.

  • Immunity tests required: Yes.

  • EMC/safety standards: ANATEL publishes acts (called Ato) which contain the applicable limits and refer to the applicable EMC and safety standards (IEC/CISPR/ITU-T standards). For EMC, the act Ato No. 1120 is valid (former resolution 442). For safety, the act Ato No. 950 is valid (former resolution 529, basically IEC 60950 (2005)). You can find all acts on this website here.

  • Scope of ANATEL label: Telecommunication products (see list here).

27 Dec 2018

Canada

ISED certification label

The Innovation, Science and Economic Development (ISED) certification number is made up of a Company Number (CN) assigned by ISED's CEB, followed by the Unique Product Number (UPN). For example IC: CN-UPN. The CN can only be obtained from the Certification and Engineering Bureau (CEB) of ISED. The registration number can be presented electronically (on the devices display) or physically on a product label. A FCC test report will be accepted by ISED if it is less than one year old (details here). The ISED label of the image displayed on this page is an example of Apple's iPhone 6s.

31 May 2018

China

CCC mark

The China Compulsory Certificate Marking (CCC) is a mandatory mark for products sold on the Chinese market.

31 May 2018

Eurasian Economic Union

EAC mark

The Eurasian Conformity (EAC) Marking is the product conformity mark of Eurasian Economic Union (EEU).

  • Effective countries: Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Armenia (Eurasian Economic Union).

  • Responsible authority: Eurasian Economic Comission (EEC) 

  • Statutory basis: Technical Regulations of the Custom Union electromagnetic compatibility of technical devices: CU TR 020/2011.

  • EAC marking obligation for electronic products: Mandatory.

  • Emission tests required: Yes.

  • Immunity tests required: Yes.

  • EMC standards: Russian GOST standards, which are mostly identical to the European EN standards.

  • Scope of EAC marking: Safety, health, EMC and environmental protection.

09 Mar 2019

European Union

CE mark

​The Conformité Européenne (CE) Marking is the product conformity mark of the European Union (EU).

28 Jun 2018

India

ISI mark

​​The Indian Standards Institution (ISI) Mark is the product conformity mark of India.

28 Jun 2018

Japan

PSE mark Cat. A, PSE mark Cat. B, VCCI mark

The PSE Category A Mark (diamond) is the Japanese conformity mark for Specific Products. The PSE Category B Mark (round) is the Japanese conformity mark for Non-Specific Products. PSE stands for Product Safety Electrical Appliance & Material. The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) decides which products belong to Category A (specified products) and which product below to Category B (non-specified products). The difference for Category A (diamond) to Category B (round) is, that Category A products must pass an additional conformity assessment by a Registered Conformity Assessment Body.

The Voluntary Control Council for Interference (VCCI) Mark is the voluntary Japanese conformity mark for Information Technology Equipment (ITE) based on the CISPR recommendations.

  • Effective countries: Japan.

  • Responsible authorityMinistry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI).

  • Statutory basis

    • Electricity Business Act

    • Electrical Appliances and Materials Safety Act (DEN-AN-law)

    • Cabinet Order of the Electrical Appliance and Material Safety Law

    • Ordinance Specifying the Technical Requirements for Electrical Appliances under the Electrical Appliances and Materials Safety Act

    • Ordinance for Enforcement of the Electrical Appliances and Materials Safety Act

28 Jun 2018

Republic of Korea

KC mark

The Korean Certification (KC) Marking is the product conformity mark of the Republic of Korea (South Korea).

09 Mar 2019

Switzerland

CH mark. Switzerland acceptcs CE mark.

The CH Mark is the Swiss conformity mark. Switzerland does also accept products with the CE conformity mark (according to the Ordinance on Electromagnetic Compatibility (OEMC)).

21 Jun 2018

Taiwan

BSMI mark

The Commodity Inspection Mark, which is also also named Bureau of Standards, Metrology and Inspection (BSMI) Mark or Product Safety Mark is the product conformity mark of Taiwan for Information Technology Equipment (ITE), audio and video devices, appliances and wireless products.

09 Mar 2019

Turkey

TSE mark. Turkey accepts CE mark.

According to the EMCD Guide about the EMC Directive (EMCD) 2014/30/EU, the EMCD does also apply to Turkey. Turkey accepts the CE mark in case the declaration of conformity for the CE mark was translated into Turkish.

For radio equipment, the used radio frequency used determines how to get the approval. In case the equipment uses harmonized frequencies (EU, Turkey) the RED 2014/53/EU (2014/53/AB) can be applied. In case of non-harmonized frequencies (frequencies which are not allowed or regulated in EU), a Turkish BTK type approval is required.

​The TSE Mark is the Turkish conformity mark for electronic products, which indicates compliance of a product to relevant Turkish Standards (TSE) and gives the permission to use the TSE mark upon the product and/or packaging. In case a product has the CE conformity, the TSE mark is optional.

The TSEK Mark (Certificate of Conformity to the TSE Criteria) is the Turkish conformity mark in case there are no relevant Turkish Standards available and your product is not CE certified. Such products are subject to the technical conditions accepted by the Turkish Standards Institute based on the conditions of Turkey and/or other countries.

08 Nov 2019

United Kingdom

UKCA (UK Conformity Assessed)

The UKCA (UK Conformity Assessed) marking is a new UK product marking that will be used for certain goods being placed on the UK market if there’s a no-deal Brexit (Brexit without ratified withdrawal agreement). The UKCA mark has to be applied if all the following points apply to your product:

  • Your product is for the UK market.

  • Your product requires mandatory third-party conformity assessment.

  • The conformity assessment has been carried out by a UK conformity assessment body.​​

More information about the UKCA marking can be found here on this website: Prepare to use the UKCA mark after Brexit.

In addition to that, here a EU guide for stakeholders in case of a no-deal Brexit (Brexit without ratified withdrawal agreement) from the European Commission: Brexit guidance in the field of industrial products.

26 Dec 2018

USA

FCC Mark

​The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Marking is the product conformity mark of the United States of America (USA).

  • Effective countries: United States of America (USA).

  • Responsible authority: Federal Communications Commission (FCC).

  • Statutory basis: 47 CFR Part 15 (ITE), 47 CFR Part 18 (ISM)

  • Marking obligation for electronic productsApplicable to electronic equipment. Labeling with mark on product is optional.

  • Emissions tests required: Yes.

  • Immunity tests required: No.

  • EMC standards: Emission limits: 47 CFR. Test methods: FCC MP-5-1986, IEEE/ANSI C63x

  • Scope of FCC mark: Electromagnetic Interference (EMI), Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC). 

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